PHP 7.1.0 Released

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

The following constants indicate the type of error returned by json_last_error().

JSON_ERROR_NONE (integer)
No error has occurred. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_ERROR_DEPTH (integer)
The maximum stack depth has been exceeded. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_ERROR_STATE_MISMATCH (integer)
Occurs with underflow or with the modes mismatch. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_ERROR_CTRL_CHAR (integer)
Control character error, possibly incorrectly encoded. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_ERROR_SYNTAX (integer)
Syntax error. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_ERROR_UTF8 (integer)
Malformed UTF-8 characters, possibly incorrectly encoded. Available since PHP 5.3.3.
JSON_ERROR_RECURSION (integer)
The object or array passed to json_encode() include recursive references and cannot be encoded. If the JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR option was given, NULL will be encoded in the place of the recursive reference. Available since PHP 5.5.0.
JSON_ERROR_INF_OR_NAN (integer)
The value passed to json_encode() includes either NAN or INF. If the JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR option was given, 0 will be encoded in the place of these special numbers. Available since PHP 5.5.0.
JSON_ERROR_UNSUPPORTED_TYPE (integer)
A value of an unsupported type was given to json_encode(), such as a resource. If the JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR option was given, NULL will be encoded in the place of the unsupported value. Available since PHP 5.5.0.
JSON_ERROR_INVALID_PROPERTY_NAME (integer)
A key starting with \u0000 character was in the string passed to json_decode() when decoding a JSON object into a PHP object. Available since PHP 7.0.0.
JSON_ERROR_INVALID_PROPERTY_NAME (integer)
Single unpaired UTF-16 surrogate in unicode escape contained in the JSON string passed to json_encode(). Available since PHP 7.0.0.

The following constants can be combined to form options for json_decode().

JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING (integer)
Decodes large integers as their original string value. Available since PHP 5.4.0.
JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY (integer)
Decodes JSON objects as PHP array. This option can be added automatically by calling json_decode() with the second parameter equal to TRUE. Available since PHP 5.4.0.

The following constants can be combined to form options for json_encode().

JSON_HEX_TAG (integer)
All < and > are converted to \u003C and \u003E. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_HEX_AMP (integer)
All &s are converted to \u0026. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_HEX_APOS (integer)
All ' are converted to \u0027. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_HEX_QUOT (integer)
All " are converted to \u0022. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_FORCE_OBJECT (integer)
Outputs an object rather than an array when a non-associative array is used. Especially useful when the recipient of the output is expecting an object and the array is empty. Available since PHP 5.3.0.
JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK (integer)
Encodes numeric strings as numbers. Available since PHP 5.3.3.
JSON_PRETTY_PRINT (integer)
Use whitespace in returned data to format it. Available since PHP 5.4.0.
JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES (integer)
Don't escape /. Available since PHP 5.4.0.
JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE (integer)
Encode multibyte Unicode characters literally (default is to escape as \uXXXX). Available since PHP 5.4.0.
JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR (integer)
Substitute some unencodable values instead of failing. Available since PHP 5.5.0.
JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION (integer)
Ensures that float values are always encoded as a float value. Available since PHP 5.6.6.
JSON_UNESCAPED_LINE_TERMINATORS (integer)
The line terminators are kept unescaped when JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE is supplied. It uses the same behaviour as it was before PHP 7.1 without this constant. Available since PHP 7.1.0.
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User Contributed Notes 5 notes

up
33
Yzmir Ramirez
2 years ago
If you curious of the numeric values of the constants, as of JSON 1.2.1, the constants have the following values (not that you should use the numbers directly):

JSON_HEX_TAG => 1
JSON_HEX_AMP => 2
JSON_HEX_APOS => 4
JSON_HEX_QUOT => 8
JSON_FORCE_OBJECT => 16
JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK => 32
JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES => 64
JSON_PRETTY_PRINT => 128
JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE => 256

JSON_ERROR_DEPTH => 1
JSON_ERROR_STATE_MISMATCH => 2
JSON_ERROR_CTRL_CHAR => 3

JSON_ERROR_SYNTAX => 4

JSON_ERROR_UTF8 => 5
JSON_OBJECT_AS_ARRAY => 1

JSON_BIGINT_AS_STRING => 2
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5
majid4466 at gmail dot com
4 months ago
To get a really clean json string use these three constants like so:

<?php
$array
= ['€', 'http://example.com/some/cool/page', '337'];
$bad   = json_encode($array);
$good  = json_encode($arrayJSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE | JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES | JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK);

// $bad would be  ["\u20ac","http:\/\/example.com\/some\/cool\/page","337"]
// $good would be ["€","http://example.com/some/cool/page",337]
?>
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-4
on5wis at mac dot com
1 year ago
since json_encode expects a UTF-8 string there is no need to encode the € symbol.

I suggest you try to echo : json_encode('€');
It gives: "\u20ac"
I'm running PHP 5.6.5 on the CLI, on MacOS X 10.10
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-3
JuanP
1 year ago
Updated format values list:

    JSON_HEX_TAG => 1
    JSON_HEX_AMP => 2
    JSON_HEX_APOS => 4
    JSON_HEX_QUOT => 8
    JSON_FORCE_OBJECT => 16
    JSON_NUMERIC_CHECK => 32
    JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES => 64
    JSON_PRETTY_PRINT => 128
    JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE => 256
    JSON_PARTIAL_OUTPUT_ON_ERROR => 512
    JSON_PRESERVE_ZERO_FRACTION => 1024
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-15
Anonymous
1 year ago
I am working with "Marathi Language Data" and I found that when I encoded Marathi data to json using json_encode it returned me unicode values of each character like below:

Program :

<?php
$ar
= array("word" => "धाडस");
echo
json_encode($ar);
?>

Output of program is :

{"word":"\u0927\u093e\u0921\u0938"}

This is not expected output because what I need is output as

{"word":"धाडस"}

So I used following code:

<?php
$ar
= array("word" => "धाडस");
echo
json_encode($ar, JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE);
?>

And I got the required output as :

{"word":"धाडस"}
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