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La classe SplFileObject

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

Introduction

La classe SplFileObject offre une interface orientée objet pour un fichier.

Synopsis de la classe

SplFileObject extends SplFileInfo implements RecursiveIterator , SeekableIterator {
/* Constantes */
const integer DROP_NEW_LINE = 1 ;
const integer READ_AHEAD = 2 ;
const integer SKIP_EMPTY = 4 ;
const integer READ_CSV = 8 ;
/* Méthodes */
public __construct ( string $filename [, string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = false [, resource $context ]]] )
public current ( void ) : string|array
public eof ( void ) : bool
public fflush ( void ) : bool
public fgetc ( void ) : string
public fgetcsv ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] ) : array
public fgets ( void ) : string
public fgetss ([ string $allowable_tags ] ) : string
public flock ( int $operation [, int &$wouldblock ] ) : bool
public fpassthru ( void ) : int
public fputcsv ( array $fields [, string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = '"' [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] ) : int
public fread ( int $length ) : string
public fscanf ( string $format [, mixed &$... ] ) : mixed
public fseek ( int $offset [, int $whence = SEEK_SET ] ) : int
public fstat ( void ) : array
public ftell ( void ) : int
public ftruncate ( int $size ) : bool
public fwrite ( string $str [, int $length ] ) : int
public getChildren ( void ) : void
public getCsvControl ( void ) : array
public getFlags ( void ) : int
public getMaxLineLen ( void ) : int
public hasChildren ( void ) : bool
public key ( void ) : int
public next ( void ) : void
public rewind ( void ) : void
public seek ( int $line_pos ) : void
public setCsvControl ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] ) : void
public setFlags ( int $flags ) : void
public setMaxLineLen ( int $max_len ) : void
public valid ( void ) : bool
/* Méthodes héritées */
public SplFileInfo::getATime ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getBasename ([ string $suffix ] ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getCTime ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getExtension ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getFileInfo ([ string $class_name ] ) : SplFileInfo
public SplFileInfo::getFilename ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getGroup ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getInode ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getLinkTarget ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getMTime ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getOwner ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getPath ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getPathInfo ([ string $class_name ] ) : SplFileInfo
public SplFileInfo::getPathname ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getPerms ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getRealPath ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::getSize ( void ) : int
public SplFileInfo::getType ( void ) : string
public SplFileInfo::isDir ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::isExecutable ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::isFile ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::isLink ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::isReadable ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::isWritable ( void ) : bool
public SplFileInfo::openFile ([ string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = FALSE [, resource $context = NULL ]]] ) : SplFileObject
public SplFileInfo::setFileClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileObject" ] ) : void
public SplFileInfo::setInfoClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileInfo" ] ) : void
public SplFileInfo::__toString ( void ) : string
}

Constantes pré-définies

SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE

Supprime les nouvelles lignes à la fin d'une ligne.

SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD

Lecture sur rewind/next.

SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY

Ignore les lignes vierges du fichier. Ceci nécessite l'activation du drapeau READ_AHEAD afin de fonctionner comme attendu.

SplFileObject::READ_CSV

Lit les lignes en tant que lignes CSV.

Historique

Version Description
5.3.9 La valeur de SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY est maintenant de 4. Précédemment, la valeur était de 6.

Sommaire

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
63
Lars Gyrup Brink Nielsen
5 years ago
Note that this class has a private (and thus, not documented) property that holds the file pointer. Combine this with the fact that there is no method to close the file handle, and you get into situations where you are not able to delete the file with unlink(), etc., because an SplFileObject still has a handle open.

To get around this issue, delete the SplFileObject like this:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
<?php
print "Declaring file object\n";
$file = new SplFileObject('example.txt');

print
"Trying to delete file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
"Closing file object\n";
$file = null;

print
"Deleting file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
'File deleted!';
?>
---------------------------------------------------------------------

which will output:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Declaring file object
Trying to delete file...

Warning: unlink(example.txt): Permission denied in file.php on line 6
Closing file object
Deleting file...
File deleted!
---------------------------------------------------------------------
up
7
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
4 years ago
If you want to skip blank lines when reading a CSV file, you need *all * the flags:

$file->setFlags(SplFileObject::READ_CSV | SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD | SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY | SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE);
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