Anonyme Klassen

Unterstützung für anonyme Klassen wurde in PHP 7 hinzugefügt. Anonyme Klassen sind nützlich, wenn einfache Objekte zum einmaligen Gebrauch erzeugt werden müssen.

<?php

// Code vor PHP 7
class Logger
{
    public function 
log($msg)
    {
        echo 
$msg;
    }
}

$util->setLogger(new Logger());

// PHP 7+ Code
$util->setLogger(new class {
    public function 
log($msg)
    {
        echo 
$msg;
    }
});

Sie können Argumente über ihren Konstruktor empfangen, andere Klassen erweitern, Interfaces implementieren und Traits verwenden, so wie das eine normale Klasse auch kann:

<?php

class SomeClass {}
interface 
SomeInterface {}
trait 
SomeTrait {}

var_dump(new class(10) extends SomeClass implements SomeInterface {
    private 
$num;

    public function 
__construct($num)
    {
        
$this->num $num;
    }

    use 
SomeTrait;
});

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

object(class@anonymous)#1 (1) {
  ["Command line code0x104c5b612":"class@anonymous":private]=>
  int(10)
}

Das Verschachteln einer anonymen Klasse innerhalb einer anderen Klasse gibt jener keinen Zugriff auf private oder geschützte Methoden oder Eigenschaften der äußeren Klasse. Um die geschützten Methoden oder Eigenschaften der äußeren Klasse zu verwenden, kann die anonyme Klasse die äußere Klasse erweitern. Um private Eigenschaften der äußeren Klasse in der anonymen Klasse zu verwenden, müssen sie dem Konstruktor übergeben werden:

<?php

class Outer
{
    private 
$prop 1;
    protected 
$prop2 2;

    protected function 
func1()
    {
        return 
3;
    }

    public function 
func2()
    {
        return new class(
$this->prop) extends Outer {
            private 
$prop3;

            public function 
__construct($prop)
            {
                
$this->prop3 $prop;
            }

            public function 
func3()
            {
                return 
$this->prop2 $this->prop3 $this->func1();
            }
        };
    }
}

echo (new 
Outer)->func2()->func3();

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

6

All objects created by the same anonymous class declaration are instances of that very class.

<?php
function anonymous_class()
{
    return new class {};
}

if (
get_class(anonymous_class()) === get_class(anonymous_class())) {
    echo 
'same class';
} else {
    echo 
'different class';
}

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt folgende Ausgabe:

same class

Hinweis:

Es ist zu beachten, dass anonymen Klassen von der Engine ein Name zugewiesen wird, wie im folgenden Beispiel gezeigt. Dieser Name muss als Implementierungsdetail eingestuft werden, auf dass sich nicht verlassen werden sollte.

<?php
echo get_class(new class {});

Das oben gezeigte Beispiel erzeugt eine ähnliche Ausgabe wie:

class@anonymous/in/oNi1A0x7f8636ad2021

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 6 notes

up
18
Anonymous
1 year ago
Below three examples describe anonymous class with very simple and basic but quite understandable example

<?php
// First way - anonymous class assigned directly to variable
$ano_class_obj = new class{
    public
$prop1 = 'hello';
    public
$prop2 = 754;
    const
SETT = 'some config';

    public function
getValue()
    {
       
// do some operation
       
return 'some returned value';
    }

    public function
getValueWithArgu($str)
    {
       
// do some operation
       
return 'returned value is '.$str;
    }
};

echo
"\n";

var_dump($ano_class_obj);
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj->prop1;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj->prop2;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj::SETT;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj->getValue();
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj->getValueWithArgu('OOP');
echo
"\n";

echo
"\n";

// Second way - anonymous class assigned to variable via defined function
$ano_class_obj_with_func = ano_func();

function
ano_func()
{
    return new class {
        public
$prop1 = 'hello';
        public
$prop2 = 754;
        const
SETT = 'some config';

        public function
getValue()
        {
           
// do some operation
           
return 'some returned value';
        }

        public function
getValueWithArgu($str)
        {
           
// do some operation
           
return 'returned value is '.$str;
        }
    };
}

echo
"\n";

var_dump($ano_class_obj_with_func);
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_func->prop1;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_func->prop2;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_func::SETT;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_func->getValue();
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_func->getValueWithArgu('OOP');
echo
"\n";

echo
"\n";

// Third way - passing argument to anonymous class via constructors
$arg = 1; // we got it by some operation
$config = [2, false]; // we got it by some operation
$ano_class_obj_with_arg = ano_func_with_arg($arg, $config);

function
ano_func_with_arg($arg, $config)
{
    return new class(
$arg, $config) {
        public
$prop1 = 'hello';
        public
$prop2 = 754;
        public
$prop3, $config;
        const
SETT = 'some config';

        public function
__construct($arg, $config)
        {
           
$this->prop3 = $arg;
           
$this->config =$config;
        }

        public function
getValue()
        {
           
// do some operation
           
return 'some returned value';
        }

        public function
getValueWithArgu($str)
        {
           
// do some operation
           
return 'returned value is '.$str;
        }
    };
}

echo
"\n";

var_dump($ano_class_obj_with_arg);
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_arg->prop1;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_arg->prop2;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_arg::SETT;
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_arg->getValue();
echo
"\n";

echo
$ano_class_obj_with_arg->getValueWithArgu('OOP');
echo
"\n";

echo
"\n";
up
1
ytubeshareit at gmail dot com
6 months ago
Anonymous classes are syntax sugar that may appear deceiving to some.
The 'anonymous' class is still parsed into the global scope, where it is auto assigned a name, and every time the class is needed, that global class definition is used.  Example to illustrate....

The anonymous class version...
<?php

function return_anon(){
    return new class{
         public static
$str="foo"
    };
}
$test=return_anon();
echo
$test::$str; //ouputs foo

//we can still access the 'anon' class directly in the global scope!
$another=get_class($test); //get the auto assigned name
echo $another::$str;    //outputs foo
?>

The above is functionally the same as doing this....
<?php
class I_named_this_one{
    public static
$str="foo";
}
function
return_not_anon(){
    return
'I_named_this_one';
}
$clzz=return_not_anon();//get class name
echo $clzz::$str;
?>
up
0
j.m \ jamesweb \ ca
1 month ago
/* I like the idea of OneShot classes.
Thanks to that Anonymous bro\sist for precising  
new class( $a, $b )
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

If you are looking for "Delayed OneShot Anonymous Classes" for any reason (like the reason: loading files in a readable manner while not using autoload), it would probably look something like this; */

$u = function()use(&$u){
    $u = new class{private $name = 'Utils';};
};

$w = function(&$rewrite)use(&$w){
    $w = null;
    $rewrite = new class{private $name = 'DataUtils';};
};

// Usage;
var_dump(
    array(
        'Delayed',
        '( Self Destructive )',
        'Anonymous Class Creation',
        array(
            'Before ( $u )' => $u,
            'Running ( $u() )' => $u(),
            'After ( $u )' => $u,
        ),
        0,0,
        0,0,
        0,0,
        'Delayed',
        '( Overwriting && Self Destructive )',
        'Anonymous Class Creation',
        array(
            'Before ( $w )' => $w,
            'Running ( $w($u) )' => $w($u),
            'After ( $w )' => $w,
            'After ( $u )' => $u
        )
    )
);

// btw : oh shoot I failed a spam challenge
up
-1
solobot
11 days ago
eval() is workaround for generating multiple anonymous classes with static properties in loop
<?php
public function generateClassMap()
    {
        foreach (
$this->classMap as $tableName => $class)
        {
           
$c = null;
            eval(
'$c = new class extends \common\MyStaticClass {
                public static $tableName;
                public static function tableName()
                {
                    return static::$tableName;
                }
            };'
);
           
$c::$tableName = $this->replicationPrefix.$tableName;
           
$this->classMap[$tableName] = $c;

        }
    }
?>
thus every class will have its own $tableName instead of common ancestor.
up
-1
piotr at maslosoft dot com
6 months ago
Please note that class name returned by `get_class` might contain null bytes, as is the case in my version of PHP (7.1.4).

Name will change when class starting line or it's body is changed.

Yes, name is implementation detail that should not be relied upon, but in some rare use cases it is required (annotating anonymous class).
up
-10
primipilus13 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
<?php

// using constructor and extends in anonymous class 

class A
{
    private
$name;   

    public function
__construct($name)
    {
       
$this->name = $name;
    }

    public function
getName()
    {
        return
$this->name;
    }
}

$b = new class('anonymous') extends A
{
    public function
getName()
    {
        return
parent::getName() . ' class';
    }
};

echo
$b->getName(), PHP_EOL;

// result: anonimous class
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